DIE FOR ENDS

The purpose of this paper is to describe in a simple way the way of working of a die to shape funds of canning containers, detailing how each of their pieces act throughout the process. To speak properly we will start by defining the names that each of them receives:...
AUTOMATIC ALIGNER OF BATTERY COVERS

AUTOMATIC ALIGNER OF BATTERY COVERS

SUMMARY This device is an automatic device for aligning the punched pieces, in their proper position, on the press output conveyor, and stacking them later.   INTRODUCTION The upper end or cover of the batteries – dry electric batteries – is the...
RETURN OF PACKAGES

RETURN OF PACKAGES

SUMMARY In the metal sector, the filler returns to the manufacturer the packaging used in the transport and storage of the containers. To perform this task in a simple and efficient way, it is convenient to apply a series of measures that are developed in this...
TAPAS TWIST-OFF.- FORMATION OF CURL AND NAILS

TAPAS TWIST-OFF.- FORMATION OF CURL AND NAILS

The operation of configuring a Twist-off lid starts by inserting a capsule in the press with the general shape of the lid, the side wall of which is smooth and vertical. In this operation, the central panel of the lid is outlined. See figure # 1 Figure No. 1: Shape of...
FEEDER OF  CAPS TWIST-OFF

FEEDER OF CAPS TWIST-OFF

SUMMARY Description of a simple magnetic feeder of twist-off type caps to a glass jar seamer. It includes a deposit, discharge, double magnetic lift, and a fall by gravity that feeds the seamer. To properly position all the covers, the magnetic field of the elevator...
ROTATIVE MACHINE TO INSERT CANS

ROTATIVE MACHINE TO INSERT CANS

SUMMARY: This article describes an automatic machine for inserting cans of different diameters, one inside the other, in order to reduce their volume to extend transport distances. The machine we describe is valid for coupling cans of the following dimensions: 52 x...
MANUAL DEPALLETIZER OF PACKAGING

MANUAL DEPALLETIZER OF PACKAGING

In canning factories, it is normal to have semi-automatic or automatic depalletizing equipment, which moves the cans from the full pallet received from the metal, to the packaging line. In low speed filling installations, it is not always profitable to install these...
CAN PACKAGING

CAN PACKAGING

SUMMARY The packaging of empty cans, in the manufacturing plants, is a fundamental factor for its proper conservation until the moment of its use. There are several ways to package the cans: in bags, in boxes and through direct palletizing in its different modalities....
ENDS FEEDER IN THE FORM OF CONE

ENDS FEEDER IN THE FORM OF CONE

SUMMARY A machine is described that is capable of orienting and feeding an automatic seamer, revolving tops in the shape of a cone, at a rate of 9000 units / hour. It is a good example of mechanization. This option does not cancel the possibility of hand feeding the...
FEEDER TO AUTOMATE A MANUAL SEAMER

FEEDER TO AUTOMATE A MANUAL SEAMER

The possibility of equipping a manual seamer with a pneumatically operated feeder, which allows the automatic feeding of bodies and covers to it, is described. The design of this feeder is simple but reliable and robust. Its cost is moderate and can be adapted to any...
COMPRESSION PLATES FOR SEAMERS

COMPRESSION PLATES FOR SEAMERS

  SUMMARY Design and dimensioning of compression plates for seamers used in round cans.   PRESENTATION The lower plates of the seaming stations play a very important role during the seaming operation. We have already discussed this issue in several jobs such...
SEAMERS MACHINES

SEAMERS MACHINES

It is defined under this name to the teams that perform the fixing of the bottom or cover to the body of a metal can. They are classified into two groups depending on the shape of the can and its use: –          Of rotating can –          Can stopped The...
GUARD BEAD TOOLS

GUARD BEAD TOOLS

SUMMARY It is about improvements in the forms of safety lanyards developed for dry food cans and also in boats to contain tennis balls. Their corresponding tools have been defined to be mounted on different machines such as the Metal Box MB or the modified Klinghammer...
CALCULATION OF THE TABS OF MADE A FLANGE

CALCULATION OF THE TABS OF MADE A FLANGE

INTRODUCTION One of the most classic techniques to form the flanges or edges of the ends of the bodies of the cans, is the one that uses dice or buffers to make them. These buffers consist of: –          A die that centers the container body, once fed, to its...
NECKING BY ROLLER

NECKING BY ROLLER

SUMMARY Description of the design and dimensioning of a head for a flanger – notching machine by routines.   INTRODUCTION The oldest way to perform the reduction of the ends of a can body of round format, is by buffer. We have already discussed this...
MEASUREMENTS OF A SPING FLANGING

MEASUREMENTS OF A SPING FLANGING

SUMMARY It is explained how to determine the fundamental measurements of a tooling, suitable for flanging a round can, in a machine with “spin” technique   INTRODUCTION There are already several articles posted on this website on the subject of...
MANUFACTURE OF SHAPED PACKAGING BODIES

MANUFACTURE OF SHAPED PACKAGING BODIES

INTRODUCTION The most classic geometric shape of a can is the cylindrical, also being the easiest to make. But it is very common that certain products are commercially associated with other different presentations such as rectangular, oval, trapezoidal, etc. You can...
RESISTANCE WELDING WITH ROLLERS

RESISTANCE WELDING WITH ROLLERS

SUMMARY Basic principles of electric welding by points in the metal industry and criteria for a good formation of the welding point. This work summarizes and complements the one already published on this Web page under the title: – Electric welding   ...

WELDING IMPROVEMENTS

INTRODUCTION Packaging manufacturing equipment is expensive. The purchase of machinery is a very important chapter within their budgets for metal companies. Therefore it is convenient to study the investments very well, it is preferable to spend a little more but...
WHY CAN I NOT WELD THE TFS MATERIAL?

WHY CAN I NOT WELD THE TFS MATERIAL?

Sometimes the question arises: Why is not the TFS material used in the manufacture of bodies for three-piece containers? This article responds to it.   INTRODUCTION In the metal industry, electric welding is the generalized technique today for joining the lateral...
ELECTRIC WELDING

ELECTRIC WELDING

Index : –          Chronology –          Fundamentals of electric welding   1º.- CHRONOLOGY a) INTRODUCTION. At the beginning of the 60s of the last century, two different welding processes without alloying, for commercial purposes, were developed...
EQUIPMENT IMPROVEMENTS

EQUIPMENT IMPROVEMENTS

INTRODUCTION The equipment that is usually used in the metal industry almost always admit improvements in relation to the initial state supplied by the manufacturer of the machine. It is to a certain point logical, these teams are not like a car, of which hundreds of...
AGGRAPHED

AGGRAPHED

AGGRAFATED OR GOLDEN SUMMARY Describe what it consists of, how it is done and with what means with manual or automatic procedure.   PREAMBLE The present work has more value as a historical chronicle than as a technical report. The use of the locked or seam in the...
AIR CONVEYORS IN THE METALGRAPHIC INDUSTRY

AIR CONVEYORS IN THE METALGRAPHIC INDUSTRY

In this work the operation, applications and advantages of the air cushion conveyors are described. They transport the different elements to be moved, without the need to use moving parts, only by the thrust of air jets at low pressure.   INTRODUCTION The technique of...
IMPROVEMENTS IN A FEEDER  OF SHEET

IMPROVEMENTS IN A FEEDER OF SHEET

SUMMARY A pneumatic equipment is described for separating and raising the top sheet of a package in a sheet metal feeder. This action is achieved by blowing air on said sheet by means of a specially designed nozzle, in this way a vacuum area is created, so that the...
DIE FOR EMBUTITION PACKAGING

DIE FOR EMBUTITION PACKAGING

SUMMARY Some criteria and recommendations for the construction of different types of dies for embutition packaging.   PREAMBLE Within the metal industry, the manufacture of sausage-type packaging may be the most reliable and affordable technique. Its use dates...
LINE FOR PACKAGING “PARTY”

LINE FOR PACKAGING “PARTY”

SUMMARY Description of this container and a low speed line for its low cost production.   PREAMBLE The “Fiesta” packaging is a format that is widely used in the Spanish market for asparagus preserves, although it also has other uses such as...
DEEP EMBUTITION FOR AN INVESTED SYSTEM

DEEP EMBUTITION FOR AN INVESTED SYSTEM

In this work, the possibility of obtaining deep drawing using aluminum in two operations is proposed, using the technique of inverting the second operation in relation to the first.   INTRODUCTION When the diameter / height ratio is high, it is increasingly common to...
CAN LINE “TWO PIECES DRD”

CAN LINE “TWO PIECES DRD”

SUMMARY Description of a DRD packaging manufacturing line and the equipment that compose it   INTRODUCTION The manufacture of cans by the DRD technique, is relatively recent, reached its development in the last quarter of the last century. Its designation DRD has its...
ROLLING TOOLS

ROLLING TOOLS

INTRODUCTION As a complement to the works already published: – The curl in the lids y – Rizadoras we develop here the way to make the design of the tooling of the curling machines. As explained in the previous articles, these machines turn the edge of the...
CURLERS

CURLERS

FUNCTION It receives the name of rizadora the machine that performs on a background the work of turning the edge of the same one, from the form that presents / displays to the exit of the press until its final profile, similar to a hook. Also it receives the name of...
DEFECTS AND SOLUTIONS: TAPPING OF COVERS

DEFECTS AND SOLUTIONS: TAPPING OF COVERS

We list some of the typical defects that occur in the tapping of covers and backgrounds, some of their possible origins, and ways of solving them. We will refer exclusively to the operation carried out on the press, without going into those that may appear on the...
TYPES OF PUNCHES: DESIGN AND MAINTENANCE

TYPES OF PUNCHES: DESIGN AND MAINTENANCE

Types of punches used in die making in the metal industry, its design and repair. INTRODUCTION OF TYPES OF PUNCHES In all the dies – or matrices – used in the metal industry, there is a punch between its components. Inside a die, the punch is held in the...
COMMENTS ON DIE FOR AEROSOLS FUNDS

COMMENTS ON DIE FOR AEROSOLS FUNDS

The funds for aerosol containers have a peculiar shape, which must be taken into account when defining the tooling for its manufacture. The biggest difference, compared to conventional funds, is the strong curvature of its central panel in the shape of a concavity....
SHEAR KNIVES

SHEAR KNIVES

PREAMBLE The blade or shear is a fundamental piece in any die of manufacture of caps, bottoms or sausage containers. It is housed in the fixed part of the die, mounted on the press table. This fixed part is usually designated with the name of matrix. It is attached to...
TOOLS FOR PLUGS  Paint containers

TOOLS FOR PLUGS Paint containers

SUMMARY Description of the necessary operations, as well as its tooling, for the manufacture of a double-friction plug – or double closure – used in containers to contain paints or similar.   PREAMBLE It is usual to pack paints and other products...
TOOLS FOR RING LID Paint containers

TOOLS FOR RING LID Paint containers

TOOLS FOR RING LID – PAINT CONTAINERS SUMMARY Details of the design of the necessary dies to manufacture the ring – or ring – for a double wall friction closure, of those usually used in containers to contain paint.   PREAMBLE A specific facet...
“U” LINE FOR RECTANGULAR ENDS

“U” LINE FOR RECTANGULAR ENDS

SUMMARY The design of a line in the form of “U”, for the production of rectangular bottoms, makes possible the placement of the packing point near the press warehouse. This leads to a reduction in labor, since the same person who feeds the press, can pack...
PACKAGING OF COVERS AND ENDS

PACKAGING OF COVERS AND ENDS

SUMMARY It describes several packing systems of lids / funds for internal use or for the canning, detailing the materials to be used and their characteristics.   INTRODUCTION We have already published a paper on the different ways used in the industry to pack...
STICK OF ROUND FUNDS BY INJECTION

STICK OF ROUND FUNDS BY INJECTION

SUMMARY The calculation procedure is developed to determine the amount of compound to be applied on the wing of a fund. It depends on several factors, which can be synthesized into one, the size of the closure.   INTRODUCTION The function to develop by the rubber...
CURLING FUNDS ON STICKER

CURLING FUNDS ON STICKER

Gumming machine by buffer (without stackers) SUMMARY Description of a simple system of total rippling of non-round bottoms using a reclaimed tampon gumming machine.   INTRODUCTION To curl non-round backgrounds, the classic procedure is to turn the edges of its two...
MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF A  EASY OPENING END (EOE)

MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF A EASY OPENING END (EOE)

SUMMARY Simple description of the different stages of manufacture of an easy-open cover, from the cutting of the sheet metal coil, TFS or aluminum to the packaging of the lid. Article addressed to those not initiated in the subject, as an introduction to it.  ...
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE OF A TAPAS DIE

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE OF A TAPAS DIE

INTRODUCTION The final quality of a lid, whatever its destination: sketch for easy-opening lids, conventional bottom, etc., depends on three factors: –          1º.- Material consumed –          2nd.- Employee tooling –          3º.- Equipment used...
SPECIAL DIE FOR ENDS WITH INCORPORATED CURL

SPECIAL DIE FOR ENDS WITH INCORPORATED CURL

SUMMARY This work describes the possibility of curling the funds in a non-circular way simultaneously with their die-cutting. For this purpose, the necessary modifications to be introduced in the design of the conventional manufacturing die are detailed.  ...
CONTROL OF TAPS IN DIE

CONTROL OF TAPS IN DIE

SUMMARY The premature fall of the shell – or sketch of an easy opening cover – from the punch assembly, in a double die, has been an annoying problem for years. The magnitude of this problem has increased significantly with the introduction of shells with...
USE OF A DIE FOR ENDS

USE OF A DIE FOR ENDS

DESCRIPTION The function of a die of lids is to die and form them from the metal strips that are fed to the press transversely to said die. The dies are designed to be mounted on a press. The main dimensions of these are determined according to the type of press, for...
CALCULATING THE PROFILE OF A CUT IN ZIGZAG

CALCULATING THE PROFILE OF A CUT IN ZIGZAG

Considering this as of interest, the way to calculate the geometry of the zigzag cutting profile of sheets and tin strips intended for the manufacture of funds is developed in this work.   INTRODUCTION The need to reduce costs, has gradually been implementing, in...
RECOVERY OF THE TIN TIN

RECOVERY OF THE TIN TIN

 SUMMARY Description of several industrial procedures for the recovery of tin contained in tinplate scraps discarded by the metal industry. From them it is deduced that the really interesting one is the one that obtains this tin by a dry process by leaching with...
AIR CIRCULATION HATS

AIR CIRCULATION HATS

SUMMARY Information for the construction of chimney caps in metal installations. UTILIZATION The cap is a piece that ends the end of a gas pipe or chimney. It is always located outside, on the roof of the industrial installation and can have different functions, among...

USE OF UV INKS

INTRODUCTION The technique of using a type of inks that dry by the action of ultraviolet radiation is relatively modern. This variety is called “UV inks” from the denomination of these radiations. The aforementioned technique is based on the use of special...

DECORATION OF CONTAINERS

INTRODUCTION   The containers are decorated by means of their lithography. The lithography of a container is actually the application of a series of protective coatings that also serve the purpose of decorating the same simultaneously providing the necessary...

COMMENTS ON MAINTENANCE IN A CONTAINER FACTORY

COMMENTS ON MAINTENANCE IN A PACKAGING FACTORY   REFLECTIONS First of all, we should try to define and define the broad concept of Maintenance by asking a few simple questions: – Are we satisfied with the services provided by the current maintenance system...
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE OF AUTOMATIC PRESSES

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE OF AUTOMATIC PRESSES

INTRODUCTION The automatic presses used in the manufacture of caps or standard funds for metal containers require careful attention. The reliability of them depends to a large extent on the state of the press. There are many elements of a press that can negatively...
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE

The author tells about his experience in implementing a Preventive Maintenance and Repair Program – (Preventive Maintenance and Repair) – original of CCCo. (Continental Can Company – USA) for the first time in Spain in a metal packaging factory. This...
TRANSFER OF FACILITIES

TRANSFER OF FACILITIES

It is common in the metal industry that the case of having to move a facility already underway to another location is presented. This can happen for various reasons such as: –          By relocation of equipment within the same production workshop. –...

Pin It on Pinterest