SUMMARY

Functions of the container body tab. Its dimensioning and how to do it.

 

INTRODUCTION

The flange that has the body of the container in each of its ends, required to perform the closing operation or union of said body with the lid / bottom, is called a flange. It is formed by a flat part, almost perpendicular to the wall of said body, and an arc that joins this flat part with it.

The flanging operation is prior to closing and is performed once the body is formed. In the case of cylindrical and notched containers, it follows the diameter reduction.

 

DIMENSIONS OF THE EYELASH

The blinking action has two purposes:

1º.- Calibrate the internal diameter, at the ends of the cylinder in case of round containers, or the internal dimensions if it is a rectangular, oval or other non-cylindrical shape. This recalibration is achieved by lightly flailing the ends of the body, and is intended to adjust these areas of the container to the proper fit of the lid / bottom in the closing operation. Therefore, in this operation the buffer dimensions are increased from 0.10 to 0.25 mm in relation to the internal diameter of the body, depending on the size of the container.

This criterion is also applicable when it comes to packaging with a reduced end – notched -. Drawing No. 1 presents this case, and in the following table No. I, the usual values ​​of the diameters of the flanging area applied to round containers are given. The value of this flange diameter is taken at a reference point, located 2.5 mm from the end. The data reflected in this table are those commonly accepted in different international standards.

Figure nº 1: Body of round container, notched and blinked

Values ​​of the flanged diameter
Diameter
Nominal
Diameter
Nominal
Filed
Diameter of
blink
D1   o  Dn2.1
5252,27
4949,40
6362,41
6059,58
6565,28
6262,25
7372,80
7070,13
8383,33
8080,25
9998,99
9695,90
105105,16
102101,73
127126,45
123123,08
153153,35
149148,97
230229,67
225225,09

Table nº I: Values ​​of the flange diameter for round containers

 2º.- Form the tab. There are different techniques to form the tab that will be discussed later. The dimensions of it are linked to the type of closure we want to make. Therefore they are related to the measurements of the lid / bottom wing and the size of the container.

The dimension of the flange must also be measured from the reference point, 2.5 mm from the end, as indicated in drawing no. 2.

Figure nº 2: Tab

 The flange width remains the same for different diameters of containers provided the same type of closure is applied. In table No. II these values ​​are indicated with their tolerance. The European regulations have been used to code the type of closure.

VALUES OF THE EYELASH L
Clasp type Nominal diameter
background / cover
Value of the
L tab
Mini OIII closure52 – 49
63 – 60
65 – 62
73 – 70
2,25 +/- 0,20
Mini OII closure53 – 49
63 – 60
65 – 62
73 – 70
83 – 80
99 – 96
2,25 +/- 0,20
OI standard closure54 – 49
63 – 60
65 – 62
73 – 70
83 – 80
99 – 96
2,45 +/- 0,20
Standard closure I63 – 60
65 – 62
73 – 70
83 – 80
99 – 96
2,45 +/- 0,20
Standard closure II65 – 62
73 – 70
83 – 80
99 – 97
105 – 102
127 – 123
2,65 +/- 0,25
Standard closure III153 – 1493,20 +/- 0,25
Standard closure IV230 – 2253,40 +/- 0,40

Table No. II: Tab values ​​depending on the type of closure and container diameter.

TEAMS

The machines that carry out this task are called tailstocks, although they are also known as beading. As we have said, they fold the ends of the body slightly, forming the necessary tabs to then receive the covers and facilitate the closing operation. There are several techniques to make the tab, which we can summarize in four.

–          Rulina (or spool). It is the oldest type. Make the eyelashes by folding the ends by the action of an outer rulina that acted rotating on a track or roller of greater diameter. The rulina has a curvature that coincides with the external shape of the flange. The bodies move with their axis in a horizontal position. It is only applicable for cylindrical containers and its work rate is low. Today its use is limited to industrial packaging lines – general lines – of large diameter. See figure 3

Figure nº 3: Spanner by rulina

–          Tampon. They worked forming the eyelashes percutiendo the ends of the bodies by means of a pair of tampons. See figure # 4

 

Figure nº 4: Detail of the profile of an eyelash tooling by tampon

They are fed with the help of a distribution star. There are those that work in a horizontal position, older, – see figure # 5 – or vertical. It has long been the most common technique, although its use is now in decline. It is generally used for cylindrical containers, although it is also possible to use it for bodies of oblong or rectangular shape with large radii at the corners.

Figure nº5: Spanner by horizontal buffer

–          Spin It is the most modern way. Its use was generalized with the advent of reduced double tinplate. It allows to make the eyelash in very thin tinplate and high temper, without breakages occur in them. In them the tampons are replaced by heads that have a series of small rollers, inscribed in a circumference that matches the diameter of the container. The number of them is therefore a function of the measure of the container. These rollers or “spin” have a silhouette with the shape of the flange. See figure # 6.

Figure nº 6: Detail of a “spin”

The “spin” are mounted on an axis on bearings, and therefore rotate on themselves when the head is subjected to a rotation movement. These turns of the “spin” can be motorized or caused by friction against the end of the body of the container. Because of its way of working, this technique can only be used in round containers and allows high speeds.

– Squeezer. It accepts tabs of any form of packaging. Act by expansion. It is usually used in rectangular containers, or differently round. Actually this technique can be considered a differentiated subgroup, which in turn is subdivided into two different ways of working:

–          By folding – or also called by pure “squeezer”. The flange is formed when the edge of the body is folded over outer jaws that embrace it, pushed by expanding blades that open. See figure # 7.

Figure nº 7: Defaced by “squeezer”

 

–              By means of a mixed tooling, which combines the technique of folding – expansion – by sheets on the four straight sides of the container and of tampon in the four corners. This makes the tab not even in your profile. In the straight parts of the same, the radius is small and the flange tends towards the horizontal, while in the corners the radius is greater and the flange is smaller and with a certain inclination. This represents rather a problem of appearance than of quality. If the tab is well dimensioned, these shape variations along the perimeter do not transcend the closure. Of the two systems this is the best.

In both cases you can work with the container horizontally or vertically. See figure # 8 as an example of a horizontal mixed eyelash. The speeds with these forms of flanging are always lower than those obtained by buffer or “spin”, but it is the best technique to achieve a quality tab in rectangular containers.

Figure nº 8: Mixed tab – “squeezer tampon” – horizontal

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